Programmatic navigation

Usually we navigate using the Link component but sometimes we need to navigate based on an action. Then we are talking about programmatic navigation. There are essentially two ways of making that happen:

  • history.push('url')
  • Redirect component

Using history

To use the first one we need to inject the history inside of our component. This is accomplished by using withRouter() function. Below is an example of a component using the described:

import React from 'react';
import { withRouter } from 'react-router-dom';

class TestComponent extends React.Component {
  navigate= () => {
    this.props.history.push('/');
  }    

  render() {
    return (
      <React.Fragment>
        <button onClick={this.navigate}>Navigate</button>
      </React.Fragment>
    );
  }
}

export default withRouter(TestComponent);

Using redirect component

Using Redirect component is a different approach but just as valid. The idea is to have it look at a state in the component and if that condition is fulfilled then navigate. Here is how it could look like in code:

import { Redirect } from 'react-router';

// this could be from a React context or a Redux store
import { loggedIn } from './login';

const User = () => (
  <div>username ... </div>
);

class UserDetail extends React.Component {
  render() {
    <React.Fragment>
    {isLoggedIn() ? <User /> : <Redirect to='/login' /> }
    </React.Fragment>
  }
}

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